Art Skills List

Ralston Public Schools K-6 Skills: Visual Arts

Kindergarten Skills

  • Identify and draw differences in line: thick, thin, zigzag, curved, straight, interrupted
  • Recognize and draw geometric and free-form shapes 
  • Use shapes to make objects such as houses, people, etc. 
  • Work with properties of color,  Identify colors such as Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, Orange, Purple, Experience mixing the three Primary Colors (Red, Blue, Yellow) to make Secondary Colors (Orange, Green, Purple)
  • Compare and Contrast images 
  • Create and recognize patterns, use patterns in designs 
  • Recognize differences in art media after introduction and use 
  • Talk about their own artwork and the work of other artists 
  • Learn about and use art Tools in a safe, responsible manner

First Grade Skills

  • Recognize and describe the use of line in artworks 
  • Discuss subject matter in art; understand differences in still-life’s, landscapes, seasons, portraits, become aware of artworks from various cultures
  •  Understand how to show space (with reminders) by using overlapping, and introducing simple perspective: things farther away are smaller, things closer are bigger. 
  • Understand the Horizon Line and that the sky is always colored to the ground. 
  • Work with properties of colorIdentify Primary Colors (Red, Yellow, Blue), and recognize that by mixing the Primary Colors you make Secondary Color. Recognize that adding white to a color makes it lighter 
  • Compare and Contrast images, look for themes in artworks
  • See and understand the differences between 2-D work and 3-D work
  • Continue to create and use patterns in designs 
  • Experience using real and visual textures in artwork 
  • Recognize differences in new art media after introduction and use 
  • Talk about their own artwork and the work of other artists 
  • Continue to learn and use art tools in a safe, responsible manner

Second Grade Skills

  • Understand that art has a purpose, appreciate and look at works of art 
  • Become more aware of size relationships in comparing objects and in regard to themselves 
  • Understand how to show space using overlapping, and reinforce simple perspective: things farther away are smaller, things closer are bigger 
  • Understand that Artists play a role in society 
  • Understand that Art reflects the artist 
  • Work with properties of color: Know the Primary Colors, and know that from Primary Colors you make the Secondary Color. Recognize that adding white t o a color makes it lighter. Recognize warm and cool color schemes 
  • Compare and Contrast images
  • Understand positive and negative shapes 
  • Understand and be able to add real and visual textures in artwork 
  • Observe design (pattern and balance) in natural organisms (butterflies, insects, leaves, and in artworks) 
  • Recognize differences in new art media after introduction and use 
  • Talk about their own artwork and the work of other artists 
  • Learn about and use art Tools in a safe, responsible manner

Third Grade Skills

  • Understand that art has a purpose, appreciate and look at works of art 
  • Understand that Artists play a role in society 
  • Understand that Art reflects that artist 
  • Use overlapping shapes, variation in lines, textures, colors, and sizes
  • Work with properties of color: Know the Primary Colors, and know that from the Primary Colors you make the Secondary Colors. Recognize that by mixing Primary Colors and Secondary Colors you get intermediate (Tertiary Colors) 
  • Comprehend foreground, middleground, and background, and show these in several ways 
  • Identify how artist use color for expression (warm vs. cool) 
  • Discuss the importance of using balance in artwork; asymmetrical, symmetrical, and radial 
  • Use correctly and identify a variety of art media and methods of making art (after introduction and experience) 
  • Talk about their own artwork and the work of other artists 
  • Continue to use art Tools in a safe, responsible manner

Fourth Grade Skills
  • Understand that art has a purpose, appreciate and look at a variety of art
  • Understand that Artists play a role in society, and there are many careers in art
  • Understand that many artists express themselves and their culture through their artwork
  • Introduce the elements and principals of art 
  • Continue to reinforce using different types of Balance while creating art 
  • Become aware of how artists depict animals and humans in art. 
  • Develop more realistically proportioned human figures, and animals. Develop more realistically proportioned faces 
  • Work with properties of color. Comprehend the color schemes based on the color wheel: warm/cool, neighboring colors, monochromatic colors, etc.
  • Comprehend foreground, middleground, and background, and show these in several ways to create perspective in artwork
  • Use correctly and identify a variety of art media and methods of making art (after introduction and experience)
  • Write about and discuss their own artwork and the work of other artists
  • Continue to use art Tools safely and responsibly without teacher reminders

Fifth Grade Skills

  • Understand that art has a purpose, appreciate and study a variety of art 
  • Recognize differences in a variety of historical and cultural artworks 
  • Understand the elements and principals of art. Identify their use in their own artwork and the work of others 
  • Continue to develop a more realistically proportioned human figures and human faces, develop more realistic animals 
  • Recognize that artists use ideas, media and color to create moods 
  • Work with properties of color. Comprehend the color schemes based on the color wheel: warm/cool, neighboring colors, monochromatic colors, complimentary colors, etc.
  • Continue to experience and use perspective in artwork. Understand that light, distance, relative size and motion affect the appearance of an object. Introduce one-point and two-point perspective concepts
  • Understand that sculptural materials must be used properly or the sculpture may disintegrate
  • Write about and discuss their own artwork and the work of other artists
  • Continue to use art Tools safely and responsibly without teacher reminders

Sixth Grade Skills

  • Continue to appreciate and study a variety of artworks 
  • Understand the elements and principals of art. Identify their use in their own artwork and the work of others 
  • Continue to develop a more realistically proportioned human figures, more realistic animals and develop more realistically proportioned faces 
  • Recognize that artists use ideas, media and color to create moods
  • Work with properities of color- Comprehend the color schemes based on the color wheel: warm/cool, neighboring colors, monochromatic colors, complimentary colors, etc. 
  • Continue to experience and use perspective in artwork. Understand one-point and two-point perspective concepts, learn how to show depth in artwork
  • Be open to learning new, difficult technical skills in drawing, painting, printmaking, and sculpture
  • Understand that sculptural materials must be used properly or the sculpture may disintegrate
  • Write about and discuss their own artwork and the work of other artists
  • Continue to use art Tools safely and responsibly without teacher reminders